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harsh

时间:2021-09-14 12:11人气:来源: 未知
a. 粗糙的, 刺耳的, 严厉的
【法】 粗糙的, 严厉的, 苛刻的名词:harshness 副词:harshly 形容词比较级:harsher 最高级:harshest 
rough, coarse, harsh, rude, crude
这些形容词均有“粗糙”之意。
rough: 普通用词,指某物表面凹凸不平,天气恶劣,(态度)粗暴,(计算)粗略。
coarse: 指某物质地低劣或编织、加工等不精细。也指(言谈)粗俗。
harsh: 指外表、性质、声音的粗糙、刺耳、刺目,强调使人不愉快感。
rude: 指加工粗糙、不精细。尤指行为举止粗鲁无礼,缺乏修养。
crude: 主要指未经加工处理尚处于自然状态的物质;食物或水果的不熟。

形容词 harsh:

  1. unpleasantly stern
    同义词:rough
  2. disagreeable to the senses
  3. of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles
    同义词:coarse
  4. unkind or cruel or uncivil
    同义词:rough
  5. severe
  6. sharply disagreeable; rigorous
    同义词:abrasive
  1. His harsh words caused her much pain.
    他说话很刺耳,她听了很不舒服。
  2. Some modern music sounds harsh and tuneless.
    现代音乐中有一些又刺耳又不成调子。
  3. The judge dealt out harsh sentences to the rioters.
    法官对 * 者处以严刑。
  4. Good advice is harsh to the ear.
    [谚]忠言逆耳。
  5. A harsh, disagreeable combination of sounds; discord.
    不和谐的声音刺耳的、不和谐的混合声音,不调和
  6. Harsh or grating sound; discord.
    刺耳的声音刺耳的碰撞声或摩擦声; 不和谐
  7. Expulsion from school is a harsh form of punishment.
    开除学籍是严厉的惩罚。
  8. The punishment was too harsh for him.
    这种惩罚对他来说太严厉了。

harsh

adj.(形容词)
harsh.er,harsh.est
Unpleasantly coarse and rough to the touch.See Synonyms at rough
粗糙的:摸上去令人不愉快的粗糙和表面不平的参见 rough
Disagreeable to the senses, especially to the sense of hearing.
刺耳的:使感官尤其是听觉感觉不舒服的
Extremely severe or exacting; stern.
严厉的,严格的:极其严肃或激动的;严厉的

来源:
Middle English harsk
中古英语 harsk
[of Scandinavian origin]
[源于斯堪的纳维亚语]

【引伸】
harsh.ly
adv.(副词)
harsh.ness
n.(名词)

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